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                      托??谡Z中的信號詞有哪些?

                      瀏覽次數:396 日期:2019-03-14 11:19:15
                      托??谡Ztask 3為綜合口語考察板塊,大家需要首先閱讀一份120字左右的閱讀材料然后聽一段對話,結合閱讀與聽力內容回答問題。


                      托??谡Ztask 3為綜合口語考察板塊,大家需要首先閱讀一份120字左右的閱讀材料然后聽一段對話,結合閱讀與聽力內容回答問題。

                      Task3 不僅僅考察大家的聽力能力,同時也考察同學們對于信息的快速理解以及記憶能力。因此要在短時間內,要學會如何快速理解閱讀材料信息以及如何準確記憶聽力重要內容。

                      我們可以通過一些信號詞來記憶關鍵信息。

                      閱讀材料通常情況下為兩方面的內容:

                      1) 學校通知

                      2) 學生建議

                          我們今天以學校通知為例,來看一下如何根據關鍵詞信號詞記憶重要信息。

                      Program to Provide Free Tutoring

                      The university has announced that starting with the fall semester, free tutoring will be available to all new students for their entire first year. The academic dean, James Maxwell, commented, “The university is aware of the academic problems that many first-year students face when making the transition from high school to college.” The new tutoring program, he said, is designed to assist first-year students who want or need additional support with their academic course work. The program will also be organized so that individual students can arrange to work with tutors majoring in their own chosen field of study.

                       

                      1. 原文第一句通常為背景信息,同學們可以簡略讀過。第二句通常為信息句,指出問題或者進入主體論證,此處需要準確理解。

                      2. 理解主體信息時,需要特別注意轉折或者承接的詞語,通常此處表示有新的信息出現,如上文中出現的:also,so that

                      · 表轉折信息詞:however,but, by contrast, still, yet, nevertheless, while, whereas

                      · 表承接或補充說明信息詞:and, besides,moreover, in addition, furthermore

                      下面我們來看一下聽力信息中需要注意的信息詞:

                      man:Hey, did you read about this plan?

                      woman:Yeah, and I think it's really a great idea.

                      man:Why's that?

                      Woman:Well, a lot of new students really need this, I mean, it's not just about getting extra help with the course material, they'll probably also get information about things like taking notes or the best way to study for exams.

                      Man:Yeah, I barely even knew how to do those things when I first came here.

                      Woman: Neither did I. So these are things most students wind up having to learn on their own at first. That's why so many of them have a hard time.

                      Man:And it's probably good that they can work with somebody who has the same interests.

                      Woman:Right, that will be a real advantage: to get information about the classes you're gonna need to take from somebody who's already taken those classes. And they could recommend professors and tell you who the best advisers in the department are, things like that.

                      man:I see what you mean, so new students could get access to information about the program from another student’s point of view.

                      woman:Exactly!

                       

                      聽力對話通常是一男一女,對話中其中一方的對話比較重要。因此在記憶信息時,首先需要判斷誰發表的意見更加詳細。在上述對話中,女生回答明顯更為重要。因此在記憶女生的對話要特別注意其回答到底發表幾個點,且首先可以通過信息詞判斷她的回答為支持或反對。

                      1. 上述女生為支持此觀點:“a great idea.”

                      2. 記憶觀點:

                      1) not just about getting extra help with course material, they’ll probably also get information about things like taking notes or the best way to study for exams.信號詞判斷:此處有兩點信息,重點為第二點

                      2) “neither did i”判斷女生對上述某表否定的信息表示贊同。

                      3)that will be a real advantage (判斷后文應出現優缺點,重點記憶): to get information about the classes you're gonna need to take from somebody who's already taken those classes. And (承接連詞)they could recommend professors and tell you who the best advisers in the department are, things like that.

                       

                      補充信號詞:

                      · 表示補充說明的: moreover, in addition, furthermore.

                      Example: She took a shower last night. Moreover/In addition/Furthermore, she had a nice dinner with a few friends.

                      這些詞一般后面要跟與前文觀點不沖突的語句,比如不是相反的意思.

                      · 表示結果:therefore, as a result, thus, hence.

                      Example: She did not take a shower last night. As a result, she felt tired this morning while working.

                      · 表示比較對照:on the contrary, in contrast, however, nevertheless, instead.

                      Example: She did not take a shower last night. On the contrary, she went to the gym and spent two hours there.

                      這些詞是連接與前文不一樣的觀點,而且往往強調詞后觀點。

                       

                      更多更詳細的托福哦備考資料可添加申友托?!景嘀笕巍课⑿牛簓bnt110

                      更多詳細托福備考資訊:www.blueullu.com


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