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                      【解析】GMAT句子改錯高頻考點講解

                      瀏覽次數:470 日期:2019-06-05 15:20:09
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                      說到SC的高頻考點,邏輯肯定使其中之一,且邏輯考點也是SC中較為重要的考點。下面就由申友GMAT的Regina老師對邏輯考點進行講解:


                      1、如何識別邏輯考點:


                      1)全句劃線

                      2)主語改變

                      3)句間關系改變

                      4)識別不出其他考點

                       

                      2、邏輯常見的三種錯:


                      1) 主從句互換

                      2)  句間關系錯

                      3)  句子內部邏輯搭配錯

                      今天主要對第三種常見錯誤:句子內部邏輯搭配錯進行講解。

                       

                      1主賓搭配不當

                      Glaciers form when the snow, sleet, and hail that fall in a given climatic region exceed the amount capable of being lost through evaporation or melting.

                       

                       

                      A the snow, sleet, and hail that fall in a given climatic region exceed the amount capable of being

                       

                      B a given climatic region's fallen snow, sleet, and hail exceeds the amount able to be

                       

                      C the amount of snow, sleet, and hail that falls in a given climatic region exceeds the amount

                       

                      D the snow, sleet, and hail in a given region exceeds the amount able to be

                       

                      E a given climatic region exceeds the amount of snow, sleet, and hail that falls and cannot be


                        

                      本題中可以發現比較詞exceed,其連接的兩者需要在語法和邏輯上保持的對等。能產生超過(exceed關系的兩者一定要對等,即數量超過數量。而不是能是超過數量,可以排除(A)(B)(D)(E),答案為(C)。BD還有主謂不一致的問題。

                       

                      2:主表搭配不當

                      Once they had seen the report from the medical examiner, the investigators did not doubt whether the body recovered from the river was the man who had attempted to escape from the state prison.

                       A did not doubt whether the body recovered from the river was

                       

                       B have no doubt whether the body recovered from the river was

                       

                       C had not doubted that the body recovered from the river was

                       

                       D have no doubt whether the body recovered from the river was that of

                       

                       E had no doubt that the body recovered from the river was that of


                      考點:邏輯語義


                      這道題,如果你知道doubt的用法那固然是很好的,但是,即便 你不知道doubt的用法,你也是可以根據語義來做這道題的,這道題的切入點在于為劃線部分,the man,到底是the body was the man,還是 the body was that of the man,很顯然,邏輯上, the body was that of the man是正確的,答案在DE里選,根據主句和從句的一致性,選E.

                       

                      分析:doubt的用法是have no doubt that...表示毫無疑問,若前面沒有否定詞,doubt后接whether;句意是:當調查者看到尸檢報告,他們深信從河里撈出來的尸體是那個試圖從監獄里逃跑的男人的尸體;

                      the body 是男人的body,用that來代替;

                      選項:

                      A.not doubt whether用法錯誤;the body was the man語義不合理;

                      B.A;

                      C.the body was the man語義不合理;

                      D.have no doubt后不接whether;

                      E.正確;



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